Dates in History

January
9 January 1917 Light Horse captures Rafa.
17 January 1917 No. 4 Squadron, Australian lying Corps sail for France
18 January 1919 Versailles Peace Conference opens

February
3 February 1915 Turkish forces attack the Suez Canal
5 February 1917 Captain H.W. Murray wins Victoria Cross in France
19 February 1915 Allied warships shell Dardanelles

March
17 March 1917 Australians occupy Bapaume, Western Front
18 March 1915 Allied fleet second attempts to breach Turkish defences of Dardanelles
20 March 1916 Anzac Corps land in France
21 March 1918 Final German offensive begins
26 March 1917 Captain Cherry, 26th Battalion wins VC at Lagnicourt
28 March 1918 Sergeant McDougall, 47th Battalion wins VC at Dernancourt
31 March 1921 Formation of the Australian Air Force

April
4 April 1918 First Action at Villers-Brettonneux
7 April 1916 Australians reach the Western Front at the ‘nursery sector’
8 April 1918 Repatriation Department established
11 April 1917 First battle of Bullecourt
12 April 1918 Battle of Hazebrouck
13 April 1916 Jifjafa, Sinai captured by The Australian Light Horse
17 April 1917 Second Battle of Gaza
21 April 1917 Foundation of the Imperial War Graves Commission
24 April 1918 Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux
25 April 1915 Landing at Gallipoli.
25 April 1916 First ANZAC DAY commemorations.
25 April 1918 Fighting around Villers-Bretonneux. Allied troops re-capture the town
29 April 1915 Submarine AE2 sunk in Sae of Mamara

May
3 May 1917 Second attack on Bullecourt
4 May 1915 Australian attack on Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli
5 May 1915 Australian and New Zealand troops on Cape Helles, Gallipoli
8 May 1915 Battle of Krithia
15 May 1915 Major General W.T. Bridges, commander of 1st Div AIF wounded at Gallipoli
17 May 1917 Bullecourt captured
19 May 1915 Turkish counter attack on Gallipoli
24 May 1915 Formal truce on Gallipoli
29 May 1915 Turkish attack on Quinn’s Post, Gallipoli
31 May 1918 General Monash takes command of the Australian Corps

June
1 June 1918 RAN aircraft first used in combat
7 June 1917 Captain R.C. Grieve, 37th Battalion, wins the Victoria Cross at Messines
25 June 1917 United States troops begin to arrive in France
25-26 June 1916 Private J.W.A. Jackson, 17th Battalion, wins the Victoria Cross south-west of Bois Grenier, near Armentieres, France
27 June 1911 Royal Military College Duntroon opens.
28 June 1918 Corporal P. Davey, 10th Battalion wins the Victoria Cross at Merris, France
28 June 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed

July
1 July 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme
7 July 1918 Battle of Hamel, France
10 July 1911 Formation of Royal Australian Navy (RAN)
14 July 1918 Fighting at Abu Tellul, Palestine by Australian Light Horse against German Asia Corps
19 July 1916 Battle of Fromelles
23 July 1916 Battle of Pozieres begins
31 July 1914 Labor leader Andrew Fisher declares Australians will defend Britain ‘to our last man and our last shilling’.

August
1 August 1917 Third Battle of Ypres begins.
3 August 1914 Australia offers assistance to Great Britain in the event of War.
3 August 1916 Australian Light Horse in Battle of Romani, Egypt .
4 August 1914 Great Britain Declares War on Germany.
6 August 1915 Battle for Lone Pine, Gallipoli.
7 August 1915 Australians charge at the Nek, Gallipoli.
8 August 1916 Battle for Moquet Farm.
8 August 1918 Battle for Amiens begins.
10 August 1914 Voluntary recruitment for the 1st AIF begins.
13 August 1914 Establishment of the Australian Red Cross.
19 August 1914 Expeditionary force sails from Australia to capture German possessions in the Pacific.
21 August 1915 Last major fighting on Gallipoli takes place at Hill 60.
24 August 1916 Official inauguration of the Australian Comforts Fund (ACF).
26 August 1916 6th Australian Brigade attacks Moquet Farm on the Somme.
31 August 1918 Battle of Mont St. Quentin begins.

September
1 September 1918 Battle of Mont St. Quentin continues
11 September 1914 Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force lands at Rabaul.
14 September 1914 HMA Submarine AE1 lost off New Guinea
17 September 1918 Australian attack on Hindenburg Line in the Picardy region of France.
19 September 1918 5th Light Horse brigade capture Nablus.
20 September 1912 Official formation of the Australian Flying Corps.
21 September 1914 German New Guinea surrenders.
25 September 1918 Anzac Mounted Division capture Amman.

October
1 October 1918 Australian Light Horse take Damascus.
5 October 1918 Capture of Montbrehai, France by AIF.
10 October 1917 Battle of Poelcappelle, Western Front. (Third Battle Ypres).
21 October 1915 Australian Red Cross Missing & Wounded Bureau established.
21 October 1916 5th Australian Division enter the front line near Flers, Somme.
28 October 1916 First conscription referendum.
30 October 1918 Armistice with Turkey.
31 October 1917 4th Light Horse charge at Beersheba, Palestine.

November
1 November 1914 1st AIF Convoy sails from Albany, Western Australia.
7 November 1916 Third Battle of Gaza.
9 November 1914 HMAS Sydney sinks the Emden.
11 November 1918 Germany signs the Armistice. REMEMBRANCE DAY.
11 November 1941 Opening of the Australian War Memorial
14 November 1917 End of Third Battle of Ypres, Western Front.

December
2 December 1914 First Australian military aircraft despatched to war.
3 December 1914 First AIF disembarked in Egypt
3 December 1915 Siege of Kut begins in Mesopotamia.
7 December 1915 Evacuation of ANZAC troops from Gallipoli begins.
9 December 1917 Jerusalem occupied by the Desert Mounted Corps.
12 December 1917 HMAS Australia damaged in a collision with HMS Repulse.
13 December 1915 Australian Light Horse fight at Um Rakham.
20 December 1915 Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli.
20 December 1917 Second conscription referendum held in Australia.
21 December 1916 Australian Light Horse capture El Arish
23 December 1916 Battle of Magdhaba, northern Sinai
31 December 1914 The second convoy of the First AIF departed Albany Western Australia.