Men of the 6th Reinforcements/4th Battalion, Stephen Brooks 3-7
News item: ‘Employment of Enemy Aliens’ at Melbourne University, 1915 7
The Battle of Krithia, 8 May 1915, Graham Hutchinson 8-11
After the Evacuation, Ken Millar, 2nd Bn, contrib. by Patric Millar 11
Determined to serve: Robert Edward Hemmings, various units, Greg Swinden 12-13
A nurse’s experiences, 1918, Sister Emily Taylor, AANS, contrib. by ‘Frev’ Ford 14-17
Letter: The Gallipoli Landing, Pte 4263 Frederick Richardson, 10th Bn 17
Ptes 357 Harry Wharton and 358 Les Wharton, 2nd Bn, Judy Grieve 18-22
Diary of Pte 4393 Alexander Wallace, 29th Bn (Part 2), courtesy of Stephanie Smyth 23-27
Pte 21625 Ken Beames, 1st Signal Squadron, Graeme Hosken 28-30
Letters from Gallipoli, Pte C Marshall, 12th Bn and Pte WE Young 30
Go forward to France, Shirley Durrant 31-34
Postscript: Pte Joseph Kleshenko, ‘Frev’ Ford and article in Grafton ‘Daily Examiner’ 35-36
Lieut John Christie Wright, 20th Bn, Judith Green 37, 40
Colour photographs relating to the AIF at Fromelles & Pozieres, 1916, various contributors 38-39
Tpr 2043 David O’Rourke, 12th LHR, Trevor Munro 41-42
Cpl 3316 Arthur Ford, 20th Bn, Graeme Hosken 43-44
Dr Frank Doak, RAMC, and family, Judith Green 45-46
‘Easter Sunday in the War Memorial’, Pte 3762 Bert Bishop MM, 55th Bn 46
Diaries of L/Cpl William Lycett, 4th F Amb/15th LROC, Part 5, contributed by Tim Lycett 47-52
30th Bn anecdote, Lieut Col M Purser, 30th Bn 52
Cpl 2246 Eugene Hayres, 8th/60th Bns and APC, Dr Jim Roche 53-55
Staff Sgt John Gaukroger, 33rd Bn, Bill Durrant 55
L/Cpl 6515 Ernest Grivell, 10th Bn, Christopher Collins 56-57
Letter from Gallipoli: Pte T Bowers, 10th Bn 57
30th Bn anecdote, Sgt 398 Geoff Cowen, 30th Bn 57
Pte 5042 Frank Bolitho, 7th Bn, Jenny Chapman and Trevor Munro 58-59
Letter from Gallipoli, Pte 1401 Albert Briggs, 16th Bn 59
‘Daily doings on a troopship’, Cpl 306 Harry Matheson, 2nd Field Amb 60-62
German propaganda leaflet from Gallipoli, CEW Bean 62
Port Moresby’s WWI Memorial, Greg Knight 63-71
Capt Garnet Adcock, 2nd ATC, Greg Swinden 72-74
30th Bn anecdote, Pte 2101 Robert Mather, 30th Bn 74
Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2
DIGGER Quiz No. 54: Fromelles, Maurice Campbell 22
Answers to DIGGER Quiz 59
Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery 75
2021 Calendar of events
Due to the Corona Virus the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ANZAC Memorial in Sydney, Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne and National ANZAC Centre in Albany are currently open to the public but have with restrictions on numbers and the times of visits. Please check each venue for the current opening times and any other requirements.
Gatherings such as lectures, meetings and Commemorations planned by FFFAIF and kindred organisations are impacted require COVID Safe Plans and in some cases alternatives are being considered.
This Calendar of events is therefore indicative of key dates and events and will be updated to advise of alternative arrangements, deferrals and cancellations.
17 April 2021 WFA Branch site visit at Penshurst RSL
Sunday 25 April Anzac Day
FFFAIF has traditionally supported AWWOD organising descendants participation in the Sydney Anzac Day March. Last year the March was cancelled and “Dawn drive-way vigils” were encouraged.
In 2021, local ANZAC Day services are being organised and the Anzac Day March in Sydney is permitted to have up to 10,000 veterans and descendants of veterans participate.
The RSL is promoting ‘Light up the Dawn’ gatherings on driveways and balconies and ABC Radio coverage of the Canberra Dawn Service and National Ceremony will be heard on local ABC Radio, RN and on the ABC Listen app from 5.30am – 6.00am. This will incorporate a minute’s silence at approximately 5.50am to synchronise the dawn drive-way vigils.
TV broadcasts of Sydney Dawn Service, Canberra Dawn Service and National Ceremony and Melbourne Shrine of Remembrance Service will all be live from 4.30am AEST on ABC TV and ABC NEWS channels, on iview, and streamed live on ABC Australia Facebook and YouTube.
State TV broadcasts of capital city marches and dawn services will also be streamed live on ABC capital city Facebook accounts and on the ABC’s capital city local radio websites.
Every capital city will have live coverage of a local march, however coverage of capital city dawn services will vary in each state. Broadcasts times can be found on the ABC Anzac Day website.
Monday 19 July Sydney Fromelles Day Commemorative Procession and Commemoration and Melbourne Wreath-laying at the Shrine of Remembrance.
Some Gallipoli Day /ANZAC Day services will be held in the UK, including Baverstock on the Salisbury Plain.
Sunday 25 July Pozieres Service St Columba Woollahra TBC
Monday 27 September FFFAIF John Laffin Memorial Lecture Commemorating the Battles of 3rd Ypres. Zoom Meeting
7:00pm Australian EDT
8:00 am Greenwich Mean Time
9:00 am Central European Time
RSVP to email@example.com
Thursday 11 November Remembrance Day
TBA Kindred Groups activities:
Fromelles Association AGM and conference
FFFAIF AGM and WFA Lecture Day with Aero Historians Lecture
Dates in History
4 April 1918 First Action at Villers-Bretonneux
7 April 1916 Australians reach the Western Front at the ‘nursery sector’
8 April 1918 Repatriation Department established
11 April 1917 First battle of Bullecourt
12 April 1918 Battle of Hazebrouck
13 April 1916 Jifjafa, Sinai captured by The Australian Light Horse
17 April 1917 Second Battle of Gaza
21 April 1917 Foundation of the Imperial War Graves Commission
24 April 1918 Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux
25 April 1915 Landing at Gallipoli.
25 April 1916 First ANZAC DAY commemorations.
25 April 1918 Fighting around Villers-Bretonneux. Allied troops re-capture the town
29 April 1915 Submarine AE2 sunk in Sea of Mamara
3 May 1917 Second attack on Bullecourt
4 May 1915 Australian attack on Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli
5 May 1915 Australian and New Zealand troops on Cape Helles, Gallipoli
8 May 1915 Battle of Krithia
15 May 1915 Major General W.T. Bridges, commander of 1st Div AIF wounded at Gallipoli
17 May 1917 Bullecourt captured
19 May 1915 Turkish counter attack on Gallipoli
24 May 1915 Formal truce on Gallipoli
29 May 1915 Turkish attack on Quinn’s Post, Gallipoli
31 May 1918 General Monash takes command of the Australian Corps
1 June 1918 RAN aircraft first used in combat
7 June 1917 Captain R.C. Grieve, 37th Battalion, wins the Victoria Cross at Messines
25 June 1917 United States troops begin to arrive in France
25-26 June 1916 Private J.W.A. Jackson, 17th Battalion, wins the Victoria Cross south-west of Bois Grenier, near Armentieres, France
27 June 1911 Royal Military College Duntroon opens.
28 June 1918 Corporal P. Davey, 10th Battalion wins the Victoria Cross at Merris, France
28 June 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed
1 July 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme
7 July 1918 Battle of Hamel, France
10 July 1911 Formation of Royal Australian Navy (RAN)
14 July 1918 Fighting at Abu Tellul, Palestine by Australian Light Horse against German Asia Corps
19 July 1916 Battle of Fromelles
23 July 1916 Battle of Pozieres begins
31 July 1914 Labor leader Andrew Fisher declares Australians will defend Britain ‘to our last man and our last shilling’.
1 August 1917 Third Battle of Ypres begins.
3 August 1914 Australia offers assistance to Great Britain in the event of War.
3 August 1916 Australian Light Horse in Battle of Romani, Egypt .
4 August 1914 Great Britain Declares War on Germany.
6 August 1915 Battle for Lone Pine, Gallipoli.
7 August 1915 Australians charge at the Nek, Gallipoli.
8 August 1916 Battle for Moquet Farm.
8 August 1918 Battle for Amiens begins.
10 August 1914 Voluntary recruitment for the 1st AIF begins.
13 August 1914 Establishment of the Australian Red Cross.
19 August 1914 Expeditionary force sails from Australia to capture German possessions in the Pacific.
21 August 1915 Last major fighting on Gallipoli takes place at Hill 60.
24 August 1916 Official inauguration of the Australian Comforts Fund (ACF).
26 August 1916 6th Australian Brigade attacks Moquet Farm on the Somme.
31 August 1918 Battle of Mont St. Quentin begins.
1 September 1918 Battle of Mont St. Quentin continues
11 September 1914 Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force lands at Rabaul.
14 September 1914 HMA Submarine AE1 lost off New Guinea
17 September 1918 Australian attack on Hindenburg Line in the Picardy region of France.
19 September 1918 5th Light Horse brigade capture Nablus.
20 September 1912 Official formation of the Australian Flying Corps.
21 September 1914 German New Guinea surrenders.
25 September 1918 Anzac Mounted Division capture Amman.
1 October 1918 Australian Light Horse take Damascus.
5 October 1918 Capture of Montbrehain, France by AIF.
10 October 1917 Battle of Poelcappelle, Western Front. (Third Battle Ypres).
21 October 1915 Australian Red Cross Missing & Wounded Bureau established.
21 October 1916 5th Australian Division enter the front line near Flers, Somme.
28 October 1916 First conscription referendum.
30 October 1918 Armistice with Turkey.
31 October 1917 4th Light Horse charge at Beersheba, Palestine.
1 November 1914 1st AIF Convoy sails from Albany, Western Australia.
7 November 1916 Third Battle of Gaza.
9 November 1914 HMAS Sydney sinks the Emden.
11 November 1918 Germany signs the Armistice. REMEMBRANCE DAY.
11 November 1941 Opening of the Australian War Memorial
14 November 1917 End of Third Battle of Ypres, Western Front.
2 December 1914 First Australian military aircraft despatched to war.
3 December 1914 First AIF disembarked in Egypt
3 December 1915 Siege of Kut begins in Mesopotamia.
7 December 1915 Evacuation of ANZAC troops from Gallipoli begins.
9 December 1917 Jerusalem occupied by the Desert Mounted Corps.
12 December 1917 HMAS Australia damaged in a collision with HMS Repulse.
13 December 1915 Australian Light Horse fight at Um Rakham.
20 December 1915 Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli.
20 December 1917 Second conscription referendum held in Australia.
21 December 1916 Australian Light Horse capture El Arish
23 December 1916 Battle of Magdhaba, northern Sinai
31 December 1914 The second convoy of the First AIF departed Albany Western Australia.
9 January 1917 Light Horse captures Rafa.
17 January 1917 No. 4 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps sail for France
18 January 1919 Versailles Peace Conference opens
3 February 1915 Turkish forces attack the Suez Canal
5 February 1917 Captain H.W. Murray wins Victoria Cross in France
19 February 1915 Allied warships shell Dardanelles
17 March 1917 Australians occupy Bapaume, Western Front
18 March 1915 Allied fleet second attempts to breach Turkish defences of Dardanelles
20 March 1916 Anzac Corps land in France
21 March 1918 Final German offensive begins
26 March 1917 Captain Cherry, 26th Battalion wins VC at Lagnicourt
28 March 1918 Sergeant McDougall, 47th Battalion wins VC at Dernancourt
31 March 1921 Formation of the Australian Air Force
- DIGGER 74
- DIGGER 73
- DIGGER 72
- Patron-in-Chief – His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd)
- Inaugural Patron-in-Chief – The Honourable Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO
- Fromelles Day Sydney 20 July 2020: Commemorative Procession from the Archibald Fountain to the Anzac Memorial and Commemorative Service
- Fromelles Day 2020 Commemorations @ Fromelles, Melbourne and Sydney
- DIGGER 71
- The Families and Friends of the First AIF supports DNA testing on the remains of Australian and British soldiers found on the battlefields of the Great War and efforts to identify as many of the fallen as is possible.