FFFAIF 2021 John Laffin Memorial Lecture, 25 September 2021

The John Laffin Memorial Lecture has been held annually since 2003. The Lectures honour the memory of the Founder of FFFAIF, Australian John Laffin who was one of the world’s most distinguished military historians. Both of John’s parents served with the Australian Imperial Force during WW1. His father was an infantry officer, and his mother a nursing sister. John grew up in a house where much of the adult conversations concerned memories of the war and from an early age the deeds of the Diggers were instilled in him. John became a journalist but enlisted in the second AIF in WW2 and was a veteran of the New Guinea campaign.

Post-War, John became a teacher of English, History and Geography and taught in the UK, which gave him an opportunity to explore the battlefields and see the encampments and cemeteries of significance to Australians. This stimulated his research and writings related to the Great War and he became a prolific author and authority on the War. The vast majority of his 130 or so books focused on the Great War.

John Laffin was also active in the formation of the Western Front Association in the UK and Europe in 1980 and he conceptualised and campaigned for the development of the Australian Corps Memorial at Hamel, dedicated on 4 July 1998. It was on this day that John conceptualised the establishment of the Families and Friends of the First AIF and he helped with the early planning for this before his untimely death in 2000.

 

The 2021 John Laffin Memorial Lecture

The 2021 John Laffin Memorial Lecture will be presented on Saturday 25 September 2021 at 7:00 pm Australian Eastern Standard Time by Dr Meleah Hampton, the Australian military historian and researcher at the Australian War Memorial, on aspects of the 1st and 2nd Battles of Bullecourt in 1917.

Dr Hampton’s Lecture will describe how the two Australian battles that we call 1st and 2nd Bullecourt were planned and executed. Based on her analysis of Australian corps and divisional archives, Meleah will look at the battle plans for the April and May attacks, explain how and why they were modified or evolved, and reveal startling influences on the planning, some from unexpected places.

Australian troops in a sunken road at Noreuil on 17 May 1917 with remnants of the village in the background. The graves of Australian soldiers killed in 1st Bullecourt and near Langicourt are visible and are resting in what became the CWGC Noreuil Australian Cemetery. [AWM E2021]

The lecture is open to members, their guests and anyone with an interest in the First AIF and its part in the Great War 1914-1918. The talk will be delivered via ‘Zoom webinar’, in conjunction with the Western Front Association in the United Kingdom and therefore to a global audience.

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Commemoration of the Battles of 3rd Ypres in 2021

43 Divisions of British and Dominion troops were involved in the Battles of Third Ypres.

I ANZAC Corps, consisting of the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th Australian Divisions, and II ANZAC Corps consisting of the 3rd Australian Division, the New Zealand Division with 2 British Divisions on rotation, fought alongside each other for the first time.
The battles lasted for 102 days with more than 300,000 casualties.

Australian Divisions participated in the following battles:

  • Menin Road, 20-25 September 1917
  • Polygon Wood, 26 September to 3 October
  • Broodseinde Ridge, 4 October
  • Poelcapelle, 9 October
  • Passchendaele (First Battle), 12 October 1917

Sydney

Sydney has been subject to COVID19 restrictions and a lock-down was imposed for Greater Sydney in July that has subsequently been extended until the end of September. This meant that the Anzac Memorial has been closed to the public and commemorations cancelled.

Fortunately, staff at the Anzac Memorial were able to lay a FFFAIF-supplied wreath in the French and Belgium Niche of the Hall of Memory and the Office of Veterans Affairs Communications team posted the event on social media.

FFFAIF on behalf of all relatives and friends of the Australian soldiers involved in the Battles of 3rd Ypres would like to express our appreciation to the staff and volunteers of the Anzac Memorial and the Office of Veterans Affairs for helping to commemorate the anniversary.

[Click on the following images to see more detail]

 

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DIGGER 76

 

CONTENTS

Articles

2nd Lieut William Harold Treloar, AFC, Heather Ford  3-9

Sister Ella Lord, AANS, contrib. by Faye Threlfall  10-12

1916 letter: L/Cpl 1524 Frederick McCann, 15th Bn, found on Trove  12

Pte 1515 Eugene Sullivan, 9th Fld Amb, Harold O’Keeffe  13-14

Checklist when taking over a new sector of the line, 34th Bn war diary  14

Tragedy for the 9th Fld Amb at Passchendaele, Graeme Hosken & Peter Benson  15-22

Capt Arthur McIntosh, 1st Bn & Dental Corps, contrib. by H Cooper, G McIntosh, B Cooper  23-24

L/Cpl 5622 William Mitchell, 18th Bn, Peter Bartley  25-27

Red Dust (memoirs of a light horseman), Chapter 7, Tpr 3073 John Gray, 6th LHR  28-34

The Skidmore siblings in WWI: Pte 228 Hector (2nd Bn), Margaret (AANS, Salonika), Jean (AANS, India), Graeme Hosken  35-45

Tpr 82 Harry Bunyan MM, 12th LHR, Trevor Munro  46-50

Pte 50978 George Herbert Taylor, 35th Bn, Bill Durrant  51-53

Chaplain Adam Stuart McCook, Bill Durrant  53

Diaries of L/Cpl William Lycett, 4th Fld Amb, Vol II (1916), Part 3, contrib. by Tim Lycett  54-57

Pte 4251 Roy Mayall, 7th Bn, found on Trove  57

“Cheer-Up” in South Australia, Paul Simadas  58

Lieut Leslie Butler MC, DCM, 9th Bn, Marie McAleer, Sue Tongue & Graeme Hosken  59-60

‘Star Effort at Gallipoli’ – the Gallipoli Star medal, Paul Simadas 60

Cpl 176 Sutton Henry Ferrier MG, 10th LHR, Ian Gill  61-62

Pte 106 Claude Henry Cicognani, 1st & 13th Fld Amb, Robyn Smith & Graeme Hosken  63-66

The diary of Pte 106 Claude Henry Cicognani (Part 1: Egypt), CH Cicognani  66-72

Pte 1375 George Thomas Wilson, 34th Bn & 3rd MG Bn, Ian Wilson, B Durrant & G Hosken  73-74

 

Regular features

Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2

AIF anecdotes: ‘Memories of Digger days’, ‘The World’s News’ 9, 24, 27, 34, 45

Arabic-English translations, from the diary of CH Cicognani 12, 58, 62

Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery  75

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Fromelles Day 2021 Commemorations @ Sydney, Melbourne and Fromelles

19 July was the 105th anniversary of the Battle of Fromelles, the first engagement of the Australian Imperial Force on the Western Front following the withdrawal from Gallipoli. It was and remains the largest loss of Australian life in a 24 hour period with 1,917 killed or died of wounds, 3,416 wounded and 496 taken prisoner totalling 5,533 casualties. In 2008, the graves of 250 soldiers buried by the Germans after the battle were located and in 2010 reinterred in the new Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery and 166 of these soldiers have now been identified by name.

Download a copy of this report by clicking here Fromelles Day 2021 Commemorations @ Sydney, Melbourne and Fromelles.

Sydney

Unfortunately, the number of new cases of COVID19 in Sydney increased in the fortnight before the scheduled Commemoration and led to a lock-down for Greater Sydney that has subsequently been extended until the end of August. This meant that the Commemorative Procession and Commemoration Service that FFFAIF helps organise in conjunction with the Trustees of the Anzac Memorial was cancelled.

Fortunately, staff at the Anzac Memorial were able to lay a FFFAIF-supplied wreath in the Hall of Memory and the Office of Veterans Affairs Communications team posted the event on social media. This enabled the Anzac Memorial Trustees to honour the 1966 request of the final parade of the 5th Division veterans on the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Fromelles to always remember the sacrifice of the 8,100 soldiers of the 5th Division Killed in Action during the First World War and those who have died since.

Fromelles Day 2021 Sydney Wreath on 5th Division wreath stand in the
Anzac Memorial France and Belgium niche.
Photos by NSW Anzac Memorial & Office of Veterans’ Affairs
[Click on images to enlarge and see details]

Melbourne

There was also a wreath laying scheduled at the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne in conjunction with the Friends of the 15th Brigade that was impacted by the lock-down in Melbourne. Lambis Englezos AM, Co-Founder of the Friends of the 15th Brigade and Honorary Member of FFFAIF laid a wreath at 2pm.

Fromelles Day 2021 Melbourne Lambis Englezos with wreath at Cobbers Statue
Photo from Lambis Englezos
[Click on images to enlarge and see details]

St Clare’s College Fromelles Documentary

Fortunately for those unable to attend these commemorations, they were able to have their own personal reflection and view the recently launched 30 minute St Clare’s College Fromelles Documentary. This extraordinary documentary reflects their 3 years of research, interviewing descendants and using innovative technology and gives an overview of the battle as well as an appreciation of its impact on families and the significance of the Battle of Fromelles in Australian history today in addition to highlighting the students’ work.

Fromelles

At 6pm French time on 19th, precisely the time when the Australians were attacking the German lines (2am AEST Tuesday 20th), a Commemorative Ceremony was held in Fromelles with a drink of Friendship at the Cobbers School afterwards. Face masks and social distancing was required. F.W.T.M.14-18 Secretary and FFFAIF Honorary Member, Carole Laignel [CL] of Fromelles and FFFAIF Belgian Member Daneille Roubroeks [DR] attended the Commemoration and have provided photographs of the Commemoration, as has Carole’s friend Dominique Bascour [DB] and Fromelles Museum’s Geoffrey Bouillet [FM].

Carole sets the scene:

At 6pm, the bells of the church were ringing and the important persons of the ceremony entered the very beautiful well flowered cemetery!

It was very hot, around 27°C, no wind, sunny and clear! We were lucky!

For the association A.S.B.F.* and then F.W.T.M.14-18, it was a special event, as it was the 30th anniversary of their first celebration of the Battle of Fromelles.

*In 1990 the Association pour le Souvenir de la Bataille de Fromelles (A.S.B.F. 1914-1918) created the Fromelles Weppes Terre de Mémoire 14-18, a museum in the town hall at Fromelles, which exhibited many of the artefacts found on the old battlefield.

Earlier in the afternoon, a wreath was laid by Martial and Catherine Delebarre on behalf of the F.W.T.M.14-18 at the Kennedy Memorial to Commemorate those who fell in the Battle of Aubers Ridge on 9 May 1915 as well as those soldiers of the British 61st Division in the Battle of Fromelles on 19 July 1916.


Wreath laid by Martial and Catherine Delebarre on behalf of the F.W.T.M.14-18 at the Kennedy Memorial, Fromelles. Photos: Dominique Bascour [DB]
[Click on images to enlarge and see details]

The Commemoration at the Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery commenced with the entry of about 40 flag bearers from various sections of the L’Union Nationale des Combattants (UNC – similar to the RSL Sub-Branches in Australia). Some had travelled significant distances and is testament to the esteem in which the memory of the Australian soldiers’ is held in France.



UNC flag bearers from Lille, Linselloise, Fleurbaix­ and surrounding areas
Photos: Dominique Bascour [DB],  Daneille Roubroeks [DB]
[Click on images to enlarge and see details]


The final flags to enter were those for Fromelles UNC, UK and Germany.
Photos: Daneille Roubroeks [DR]

Dignitaries entered including, M. Richard Smith, Sous Préfet (most senior provincial official) and Her Excellency Ms Gillian Bird, Australian Ambassador to France and the Mayor of Fromelles. M. Jean-Gabrielle Masson. Captain Ken Macaulay-Black RAN represented Colonel Joel Dooley, Australian Defence Attaché and was followed by Ms Rebecca Doyle, Counsellor at the Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA).


Photos: Dominique Bascour [DB],  Daneille Roubroeks [DR]

Carole estimated that around 100 people were there, silent, moved with a profound respect for the Australian soldiers killed in action during the 2 days of the Battle of Fromelles.

Master of Ceremonies, Lieutenant Colonel François Nozaïc welcomed those attending and introduced the Mayor of Fromelles, M. Jean-Gabrielle Masson. [Carole says he was speaking in very good French!]

Click here to see the Order of Service


M.C. LtCol Francois Nozaic and M. Jean-Gabriel Masson, Mayor of Fromelles.
Photos: DB, DR

The historical context of the Battle of Fromelles was presented by Ms Rebecca Doyle, Counsellor, Department of Veterans Affairs.


Ms Rebecca Doyle, Counsellor, Department of Veterans Affairs Photos: DB, DR

French and Australian Commemorative Addresses were presented by Mr Richard Smith, Sous Préfet and Her Excellency Ms Gillian Bird, Australian Ambassador to France.


Commemorative Addresses Sous Préfet and Australian Ambassador to France.
Photos: DB, DR

Individual tributes were laid to the fallen with children of Cobbers School laying 2 roses (one white & one red) at the graves of soldiers “Known unto God”. There was a stone on the headstone to make it easier for them to find the grave.

 
Cobbers School students laying tributes at the graves of soldiers “Known unto God”. Photos: DB, DR

The Official Wreath laying followed, led by M. Richard Smith, Sous Prefet and Australian Ambassador Ms Gillian Bird.


Sous Prefet and Australian Ambassador laying wreaths. Photos: DB, DR

Jean-Gabriel Masson, Mayor of Fromelles and Pierre Dugardin laid a wreath on behalf of the village of Fromelles and the UNC Fromelles


Mayor of Fromelles and President UNC Fromelles laying wreaths.  Photos DB, DR

Florence Morlighem, Deputy Du Nord and Frederick Marchand, Senator Du Nord laid wreaths. A wreath was also laid on behalf of Monsieur Damien Castelain, President of the European Metropolis of Lille. CAPT Ken Macaulay-Black RAN laid a wreath on behalf of the Australian Defence Forces and Ms Rebecca Doyle laid a wreath on behalf of the Australian Department of Veteran’s’ Affairs.


Wreath laying on behalf of Deputy Du Nord, Senator Du Nord, Metropolis of Lille, the Australian Defence Forces and the Australian Department of Veteran’s’ Affairs.
Photos: DB

A representative of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) and a Commodore of the Canadian Defence Forces also laid wreaths.


Wreath laying on behalf of Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) and the Canadian Defence Forces. Photos DR, DB

A British Army Colonel laid a wreath alongside Lt.COL Philippe Blanchard, President, UNC Sequedin section.


Wreath laying on behalf of the British Army and UNC Sequedin section. Photos DR, DB

Martial Delebarre AM and Jean Marie Bailleul laid a wreath on behalf of Fromelles Weppes Terre de Mémoire 14-18 (F.W.TM.14-18). A wreath was also laid by a Belgian soldier, (wearing a green beret) member of a Commandos’s association in memory of the soldiers who fought in the Battle of Fromelles.

Wreath laying on behalf of Fromelles Weppes Terre de Mémoire 14-18 and a Belgian Commando’s Association in memory of the soldiers who fought in the Battle of Fromelles. Photos DB

A wreath was on behalf of the 31st Battalion Association by Corrine Seillier (Pierre’s wife) and a niece of Annie Moreel for Madame  Demassiet.


Wreath laying on behalf of the 31st Battalion Association and Madame Demassiet.
Photos: DB


Wreaths of Senator Du Nord, Mayor of Fromelles, Department of Veterans’ Affairs, 31st Bn Association & CWGC, and Sous Prefet, Region du Nord, Metropolis of Lille, UNC Sequedin. Photos: CL, DB
[Click on images to enlarge and see details]


Wreaths from the people and Government of Australia and the Australian Defence Forces Photos: CL


Wreaths laid for UNC Fromelles, Deputy representing du Nord, Canada, UK, FWTM and Madame Demassiet. Photos: Photos: DR, DB

The Ode of Remembrance was recited in English by Captain Ken Macaulay-Brown RAN, who had participated in last year’s Commemoration and was representing Colonel Joel Dooley, Australian Defence Attaché in France, and then by Pierre Dugardin, President UNC Fromelles section in French.

The Ode recited by CAPT Ken Macaulay-Black RAN and then Pierre Dugardin President UNC Fromelles. Photos: DR

The Last Post was sounded, followed by A Minute’s Silence and the Rouse.


The Last Post. Photos: DR, DB

The National Anthems of France and Australia were played.

Master of Ceremonies, LTCOL Francois Nozaic concluded the Commemoration and invited the Flag bearers to lead the Dignitaries in procession.


Concluding the Commemoration. Photos: DR, DB

Prior to the Commemorative Service, FWTM Martial and Catherine Delebarre had laid a tribute on behalf of FWTM at the headstones of the Wilson brothers Sam and Eric, both killed in the battle and lying side by side.

Tributes for Sam and Eric Wilson. Photos: DB

Fromelles personalities resting after the Commemoration
Pierre Sellier, who is well known in Australia for posting tributes to Australian Soldiers who fought in the Battle of Fromelles rests in the entry to the Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery with Madame Demassiet and families. Madame Demassiet is the current owner of the land in which burial pits were dug by the Germans following the Battle and from where the remains of 250 soldiers were recovered and reinterred with full military honours in the Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery in 2010.

Fromelles Day 2021 Pierre Sellier and Madame Demassiet. Photo CL

As the sun sets over the Cemetery, the words of Rudyard Kipling’s Recessional come to mind:

The tumult and the shouting dies;
The Captains and the Kings depart:
Still stands Thine ancient sacrifice,
An humble and a contrite heart.
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget—lest we forget!


Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery. Photos: CL, DR

Thanks to them!
May they rest in Peace
Lest we forget.

Acknowledgements and Appreciation

Thanks to Carole, Danielle, Dominique and Geoffrey for their photographs and reports.

Thanks to the Australian Embassy, FTWM, Cobbers School, Musee de la Bataille de Fromelles and the Fromelles community for organising the Commemoration.

Thanks to the Fromelles community for caring for our Australian and British soldiers’ graves and welcoming Australians and other visitors to your community.

Jim Munro
President FFFAIF

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DIGGER 75

CONTENTS

Articles

The PNG grave of Lieut Col Maurice Wilder-Neligan, 9th & 10th Bns, Greg Knight 3-7

Dvr 2098 Cecil Barram, 5th FAB, Lynora Conley 8-12

Nurses at the wartime wedding of Sr Nell Pike and Cpl 4414 Charles Laffin, Sue Tongue 13-15

Red Dust (memoirs of a light horseman), Chapter 6, Tpr 3073 John Gray, 6th LHR 16-21

Sgt 2769 William Cecil Storer CdG, 24th Bn, Graeme Hosken 22-26

Pte 4053 George Anderson, 12th Bn, Jeanette Jackson and Rupert Dalley 27-39

Diaries of L/Cpl William Lycett, 4th Fld Amb, Vol II (1916), Part 2, contrib. by Tim Lycett 40-43

Garcon of the 12th Machine Gun Company, Greg O’Reilly 44-45

Tpr 3651 Herbert Bowden, 12th & 7th LHRs: the last of the light horsemen, Greg Knight 46

Pte 160/613 Fred McFee, 4th LHR/1st ALROC, Ron Morcom and Graeme Hosken 47-48

Men from the Wellington district: Tpr 1889 William Dunbar, 12th LHR; Tpr 1972 Joseph Yeo, 12th LHR/1st FE; Tpr 1951 Colin Douglas, 12th LHR/4th MGS; Tpr 1975 Walter Jackson, 12th LHR/4th MGS; Tpr 1973 Leslie Yeo, 12th LHR/4th MGS; Tpr 1941 Thomas Bennetts, 12th LHR; Pte 3146 Tom Yeo, 13th Bn; Pte 7094 Doug Yeo, 3rd Bn, Trevor Munro 49-59

Pte 3078 Arthur Henry Reeves, 47th Bn, Graeme Hosken 60-68

1916 letter: Gnr 21034 Patrick Harney, 9th FAB, found on Trove 68

54A: The 1928 Hamilton Tram Depot Monument, John Ramsland 69-73

1916 letter: Pte 546 Roy Lemon attends an Egyptian wedding, found on Trove 74

Regular features

Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2

AIF anecdotes: ‘It happened in the AIF’, Sporting Globe 12, 26, 43, 48

News of book releases 2, 15, 21, 48

Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery 75

 

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DIGGER 74

Contents

Articles

L/Cpl 9641 Edward McCoy, AASC/43rd Bn, Peter Bartley 3-5

1918 letter: Pte 7444 George Parry, 42nd Bn, found on Trove 6-7

WWI poems of Spr NX6925 Herbert Beros, 2/6 FC RAE, Greg Knight 8-10

The Manly War Memorial, John Ramsland 11-16

A meeting with the Demassiets at Fromelles, Patrick Lindsay, sourced by Lambis Englezos 17-18

1917 letter: A/Cpl 550 Francis Gilfedder, 3rd Sqn AFC, found on Trove 18

The ‘missing’ Diggers of Ivanhoe, NSW, Graeme Hosken and Tony Nardi 19-21

A German in the AIF: Pte 6904A Gustav Mahle, 23rd Bn, Bill Durrant 22

Colour patches of the AIF, ‘Weekly Times’, 1919, found on Trove 23-24

Red Dust (memoirs of a light horseman), Chapter 5, Tpr 3073 John Gray, 6th LHR 25-29

1916 letter: Pte 576 George Howard MM, 20th Bn, found on Trove 29

The MacCulloch brothers of Yeoval, NSW, Peter Tremain 30-35

1915 letter: Gnr 1609 Wilfred Stenner, 3rd FAB, found on Trove 35

The capture of ‘Mephisto’ by the 26th Battalion, contrib. by Lynora Conley/Barry Stevenson 36-37

Colour centrespread: ‘Mephisto’, Provos, CWGC stonemasons at work, three AIF officers 38-39

Pte 2030 Victor Arandale, 33rd Bn, Bill Durrant 40-41

No. 1 Australian General Hospital, Paul Simadas 41

Monash and Dame Nellie Melba, Sue Tongue 42-43

AIF Divisional Memorials on the Western Front, John Skene 44-45

2nd Lieut John Cranswick, 12th & 40th Bns, Jim Rouse 46-50

Pte 2698 Alfred Wheate, 1st Pnr Bn, Graeme Hosken 51-52

Pte 6807 Walter Grono, 35th Bn, Bill Durrant 53

Pte 1044A Arthur Hecker, 7th Bn, Graeme Hosken with Patrick Wilson 54-56

1916 letter: Pte 1723 Charles Harris, 14th Bn, found on Trove 57-58

1917 letter: Pte 2440 John Jefferyes, 46th Bn, found on Trove 59-62

Pte 6069 Charles Palfrey, 15th Bn, Graeme Hosken and Barry Stevenson 63-68

Diaries of L/Cpl William Lycett, 4th Fld Amb, Vol II (1916) , Part 1, contrib. by Tim Lycett 69-72

1916 and 1917 letters: CSM 2080 William Parry, 48th Bn, found on Trove 73-74

Regular features

Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2

Digger humour, ‘Smiths Weekly’ & ‘Glen Innes Examiner’, found on Trove 7, 16, 22, 43, 72

Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery 75

 

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DIGGER 73

Contents

Articles

Family connections: Pte 4642 Robert Erickson, 13th Bn; Pte 2361 Harry Le Clerc, 3rd Bn;

Sgt 639 Arthur Le Clerc, 13th Bn; Pte 13805 Harold Le Clerc, 4th FAmb; Spr 9902 Thomas

Le Clerc, 9th FCE, L/Cpl 1528 Herbert Langford, AASC/RN Greg Rogers 3-10

Letter 1917: Pte 2416 Sydney Gascoigne, 46th Bn, found on Trove 10

The man from Ironbarks: Pte 1961 Paul Parker, 34th Bn, Bill Durrant 11

Sgt 6 Joseph Rutherford MID, 7th Bn, Graeme Hosken 12-13

Red Dust (memoirs of a light horseman), Chapter 4, Tpr 3073 John Gray, 6th LHR 14-17

Gnr 3801 Robert Buie, 1st Pnrs/14th FAB, Greg Knight 18-20

Cpl 283 James Calder, No. 1 Sqn AFC, Peter Tremain 21-23

Mates from West Wyalong: Sgt 3113 Harold Stephenson, 56th Bn; Sgt 2965 Alexander

O’Connor DCM, 56th Bn; L/Sgt 2962 Alfred Miller, 56th Bn; Sgt 9175 Eric Marshman

MM, 56th Bn, Graeme Hosken 24-35

Pte 546 Edmund Reilly MM, 36th Bn, Bill Durrant 36-37

Pte 1328 William Charlton, 2nd Bn, Keith Charlton 38-39

The Carey brothers: Pte 5566 Charles, 22nd Bn; Pte 2585 Thomas, 18th Bn; Pte 4991

Alfred, 22nd Bn; Pte 719 Frederick, 36th Bn; Pte 6849 James, 1st Bn; Pte 6778 George, 22nd

Bn, found on Trove 39

Pte 6043 Walter England, 21st Bn, contrib. by Lyn Harrison, with Graeme Hosken 40-42

Dvr 1611 Arthur Philp, 5th LHR/5th DAC, contrib. by Lynore Philp, with Graeme Hosken 43

Kyoomba’s Russian TB cases, Deb Wheeler 44-45

Cpl 2366 David Duncan, 14th Bn/4th MG Bn, contrib. by Ron Morcom 46-50

Letter 1916: Pte 901 George Martindale, 59th Bn, at Fromelles, contrib. by Paul Cunningham 51-54

Extract from 10th FAB unit diary, Capt William Quilty, RMO 55

Letter 1916: ER/Sgt 1717 George Hart, 57th Bn/AAPC, found on Trove 56-58

Lieut Alister MacCulloch, 7th FAB, Peter Tremain 59-66

Essay: 2019 John Laffin Memorial History Prize recipient, Emma Johnson, Deakin

University 67-71

Old AIF days: promotions and reductions, Bombardier ‘PIASSABA’, found on Trove 72-73

Letter 1915: Sgt 568 Athol Burrett, 3rd Bn, wounded at Gallipoli, found on Trove 73

Christmas Days in the AIF, ‘Digger’, found on Trove 74

Regular features

Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2

AIF anecdotes & cartoons: Memories of Digger days 13,17,23,35,37,42,43,45,54,66,71

Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery 75

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DIGGER 72

Contents

Articles

Cpl 4633 Marcus Anderson, 11th Bn/2nd FSC RE, Andrew Pittaway 3-15

Pte 44 George Bonney, 32nd Bn, contrib. by Reg Bonney 16

Armistice Day 1918 memories, Pte 813 Jack White, 4th MG Bn 17

The work of the Australian Base Post Office, unknown AIF author 17

Pte 1104 Ralf Young, 4th Fld Amb, Evan Evans 18-20

L/Cpl 757 Carl Janssen & Pte 359 Ernek Janssen, 5th Bn, Brett Arnfield 20

Red Dust (memoirs of a light horseman), Chapter 3, Tpr 3073 John Gray, 6th LHR 21-26

Letter from Pte 6514 Clifford Hall, 13th Fld Amb, found on Trove 26

Pte 2833 Clarence Bluhdorn, Home Service, Francis Bluhdorn 27-31

Letter from Pte 2509 Cameron Stansfield, 12th Bn/3rd LTMB, found on Trove 31

Sgt 4439 Donald Bock MM & Pte 712 Bertie Bowman, 7th LHR/10th FAB, Keith Bowman 32-37

Pte 2277 Peter Wilson, 51st Bn & Pte 7812 Frederick Wilson, 11th Bn, Andrew Pittaway 38-40

Appendix 1 to Wilson story: Mystery of the groundsheet, Graeme Hosken, Tim Lycett, Peter

Benson, Andrew Pittaway 40-41

Appendix 2 to Wilson story: Mystery of the date of death of 3644 Bernard Wilson, 59th Bn,

Graeme Hosken, Tim Lycett, Andrew Pittaway and Peter Benson 41-42

Pte 2842 Robert Wilson [real name AR Coulson], Graeme Hosken 43

Sgt 3694 Robert Bertie Dugan, 18th Bn/5th LTMB, Geoff Lewis 44-46

Mersa Mutrah: story of The Western Frontier Force, Tpr 1243 Hugh Gilman, 1st LHR 47-48

‘Pte Jim Lawson’: Pte 1984 Aubrey Marsh, 15th Bn, Cpl 543 John Montgomery, 2nd LHR/15th

Bn; additional research by Graeme Hosken 49-65

Letter from Pte 1825 Stuart Sendall, 1st Bn, found on Trove 65

L/Cpl 1838 Hercules Johnston, 34th Bn, unknown 34th Bn author 66-67

Australia’s biggest soldier: Pte 2721 Patrick O’Connor, 56th Bn, Graeme Hosken 68-71

Sgt 98 John Boles, 5th Pnr Bn, Andrew Pittaway 72-73

Letter to Miss Beatrice O’Connor of Grenfell, Pte 1951 Joseph Milliken, 56th Bn 74

Regular features

Trench Talk and Contact/Membership details 2

AIF anecdotes: The World’s News & Smith’s Weekly 15, 20,43, 73

Etched in Stone, Russell Curley and Jim Corkery 75

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Patron-in-Chief – His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd)

His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd) was sworn in as the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 July 2019 and is the FFFAIF Patron-in-Chief, succeeding the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove AK AC(Mil) CVO MC (RETD). FFFAIF thanks His Excellency General for granting us this honour and welcomes him to our association.

 Major General Matthew Sykes (MoD), Lt General David Hurley (Vice Chief of the Australian Defence Force) and Major General Mike O’Brien (ADF) reflect on the commencement of the Fromelles exhumation process Tuesday 5 May 2009.
[Images from Mirror.com.uk and Philippe Pauchet- Click on images to enlarge]

Biography from: https://www.gg.gov.au/about-governor-general/governor-generals-biography

His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd) 
Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia

David Hurley joined the Australian Army in January 1972, graduating from the Royal Military College, Duntroon into the Royal Australian Infantry Corps. In a long and distinguished 42-year military career, his service culminated with his appointment as Chief of the Defence Force.

He commanded the 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment during Operation SOLACE in Somalia in 1993, receiving the Distinguished Service Cross. Following promotion to Colonel, he was appointed Chief of Staff, Headquarters 1st Division in June 1994, attending the U.S. Army War College in 1996 and 1997. He commanded the 1st Brigade from 1999-2000 in Darwin, supporting Australian-led operations in East Timor. He was appointed the inaugural Chief of Capability Development Group from 2003-07, Chief of Joint Operations Command in October 2007, and Vice Chief of the Defence Force in July 2008. Promoted to General, he succeeded Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston as Chief of the Defence Force on 4 July 2011 until his retirement on 30 June 2014. In 2010, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia for eminent service to the Australian Defence Force.

Prior to being sworn in as Governor-General, David Hurley served as the 38th Governor of New South Wales from October 2014 – May 2019.

David Hurley was born in Wollongong, New South Wales on 26 August 1953, the son of Norma and James Hurley. His father was an Illawarra steelworker and his mother worked in a grocery store. He grew up in Port Kembla and attended Port Kembla High School where he completed his Higher School Certificate in 1971. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and Graduate Diploma in Defence Studies from the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1975. He is married to Linda with whom he has three children: Caitlin, Marcus and Amelia.

He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Letters from the University of Wollongong in 2013; a Doctor of the University, honoris causa, from the University of New South Wales in 2015; made a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering in 2016; and awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Macquarie University in 2017.

 

Her Excellency Mrs Linda Hurley’s biography

Her Excellency Mrs Linda Hurley (nee McMartin) was born and raised in Sydney. She was educated at Kingsgrove High School and went on to become a teacher, commencing in 1976. She married David Hurley in 1977.

In the course of their married life, Mrs Hurley has supported her husband throughout his career on a wide variety of postings in Australia and overseas, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and Malaysia.

Mrs Hurley’s own career in education has been in both the public and private school systems, until her retirement from full time teaching in July 2011. She has been an active member of the community as a Pastoral Carer at the Canberra Hospital and Hospice. Mrs Hurley holds a Bachelor of Education from the University of Canberra.

Mrs Hurley has an interest in the Arts, especially music. She is passionate about singing, and showing how singing, especially in a group, can have a positive impact on individuals and the community.

Mrs Hurley is a member and Patron of ‘Solid Rock’, a Christian Ministry to women in Defence. She has been a member of the St Andrew’s Presbyterian Church choir in Canberra and is a member of the Australian Military Wives Choir.

Mrs Hurley is dedicated to championing causes that are developing new technologies to recycle rubbish, and ways to reduce our use of plastic, particularly plastic packaging and plastics used for single use items, which are not only harmful to the environment but add unnecessarily to landfill sites.

Their Excellencies have three children: Caitlin, Marcus and Amelia.

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Inaugural Patron-in-Chief – The Honourable Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO

The Honourable Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO retired from the role of Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia in March 2014 and stepped down as FFFAIF Patron-in-Chief, a role she held from February 2009. Dame Quentin has accepted an Honorary Membership to continue her association with the FFFAIF.

Her Excellency Quentin Bryce Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia with Australian Ambassador His Excellency David Ritchie, at Fromelles for Remembrance Day November 2008 and with Lambis Englezos hosting the Fromelles Retrospective at Government House, Canberra, Remembrance Day November 2010.
[Click on images to enlarge]

The Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) Military Cemetery was officially dedicated by HRH Prince Charles and Her Excellency Quentin Bryce Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia on 19th July 2010

 

Her Excellency Quentin Bryce Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia and dignitaries following the dedication; The Australian Chief of Army Lieutenant General Ken Gillespie speaks to the descendants of the identified soldiers [Click on images to enlarge]

The Honourable Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO
BA. LLB (Qld). Hon LLD (Macquarie). Hon DLitt (Charles Sturt). Hon DUniv (Griffith). Hon DU (QUT). Hon LLD (Qld). Hon DUniv (JCU). Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) (Syd). Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) (UWS)
Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) University of Melbourne

Quentin Bryce was born in Brisbane in 1942 and spent her early years in Ilfracombe, a small town in Central Western Queensland. In 1965, she graduated with the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws from The University of Queensland and, in the same year, was admitted to the Queensland Bar. She has since enjoyed a rich and distinguished career as an academic, lawyer, community and human rights advocate, senior public officer, university college principal, and vice-regal representative in Queensland, and now Australia.

Ms Bryce’s former roles – some, among firsts for women in this country – include:

  • Lecturer and Tutor in Law, The University of Queensland, 1968-1983
    • Convenor, National Women’s Advisory Council, 1982-1984
    • Inaugural Director, Queensland Women’s Information Service, Office of the Status of Women, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, 1984-1987
    • Director, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, Queensland, 1987-1988
    • Federal Sex Discrimination Commissioner, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 1988-1993
    • founding Chair and CEO, National Childcare Accreditation Council, 1993-1996
    • Principal and CEO, The Women’s College, University of Sydney, 1997-2003
    • Governor of Queensland, 2003-2008

Quentin Bryce’s contribution to advancing human rights and equality, the rights of women and children, and the welfare of the family was recognised in her appointment as an Officer of the Order of Australia in 1988 and a Companion of the Order of Australia in 2003. Also in 2003, she was invested as a Dame of Grace of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. On 25 March 2014, Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced that Ms Bryce had become a Dame in the Order of Australia.

Ms Bryce was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Laws by Macquarie University (New South Wales) in 1998, an Honorary Doctorate of Letters by Charles Sturt University (New South Wales) in 2002, and an Honorary Doctorate of Laws by The University of Queensland in 2006.
She was conferred with the degrees of Honorary Doctor of the University by Griffith University (Queensland) in 2003, Queensland University of Technology in 2004 and an Honorary Doctorate from James Cook University in 2008.
In 2010 Ms Bryce received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws, Sydney University, and an Honorary Doctorate of Letters, University of Western Sydney in 2012.  In 2013 she was conferred with an Honorary Doctorate of Laws, Melbourne University.

In her civic role as Governor of Queensland, Ms Bryce continued her work with women, families and young people while extending her influence across the State’s broad and diverse spectrum, including the rural, regional, aged, indigenous, migrant, and disability sectors.

As a mother and grandmother, Ms Bryce is a role model and mentor to women at every stage of their lives. She values and encourages women’s capacity to form strong and enduring bonds of friendship, intellectual and emotional enrichment, and mutual support in their roles within the family, workplace and community.

On 5 September 2008 Quentin Bryce was sworn in as Australia’s twenty-fifth Governor-General. As the first woman to take up the office, she remains a pioneer in contemporary Australian society, and yet one who brings more than forty years of experience in reform, community building and leadership to the role.

Quentin Bryce and her husband, Michael, were married in 1964.

Michael Bryce AM AE KStJ
B Arch (Qld) Hon. DUniv (Canb and Qld) LFRAIA LFDIA
Adjunct Professor

Michael Bryce is an architect and designer acknowledged in Australia and overseas for his distinguished work in graphic, urban and environmental design.

He was born in Brisbane, started school in Gordonvale and was educated at Brisbane State High School and the University of Queensland. In 1968, he commenced his own architecture practice in Brisbane, developing a special interest in graphic design. From 1979 to 1983, he was Federal President of the Industrial Design Institute of Australia. He was also a member of the Design Board and the Design Council. His practice has won awards for graphic and environmental design, including the RAIA (Qld) Civic Design Award, the House of the Year Award, and the RAIA President’s Award. The practice has also received many citations in the print industry and Design Institute awards.

In 1988, his practice joined the worldwide Minale Tattersfield Design Strategy Group with offices in London and Paris and clients worldwide including Harrods, San Pellegrino, FA Premier League, BNP, and the Eurostar train.

Beginning in 1992, Michael Bryce became the principal design adviser to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, designing the Olympic bid logo and advising on the application of the corporate branding. His sport-related design work also includes graphics for the Brisbane 1982 Commonwealth Games and Expos ‘85 and ‘88. His sports logos have included the Australian 1996 Commonwealth Games team, the Dolphins Australian Swimming team, the Wallabies Rugby team, and the world cricket body, the ICC.

He has been a board member of the Queensland (Symphony) Orchestra and Trustee of the Queensland Art Gallery, a Ministerial Adviser on the Child Accident Prevention Foundation and various product safety committees. He was Founding President of Melanoma Patients Australia. He has also been a volunteer with the State Emergency Service in Queensland.

Following 5 years in the Air Training Corps he served as an Intelligence Officer in the Royal Australian Air Force Reserve from 1956 to 1970, including appointment as honorary Aide de Camp to the Governor of Queensland. He was awarded the Air Efficiency Award (AE) in 1970. He was patron of the RAAF Association in Queensland for some years and is now patron of the Combat Support Group Association.

Mr Bryce is patron of a number of community organisations and other arts related bodies. He has served as President of St John Ambulance [Qld] First Aid Services Division and was made a Knight of Justice in the Order of St John of Jerusalem (KStJ). In 2006, he was made a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) for services to the design profession and the community.

He has had a long association with universities around Australia. He has taught and mentored young graduates and is committed to the expression of a distinctive Australian identity within an international framework. He has been awarded Honorary Doctorates by the Universities of Queensland and Canberra and is presently Adjunct Professor of Architecture and Design at the University of Canberra.

Michael Bryce has been awarded Life Fellowships of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects and the Design Institute of Australia and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. He has been described by Indesign Magazine as a design “luminary” and a design “catalyst”. In 2006, he was inducted into the Australian Design Hall of Fame. In September 2008 he retired from his practice upon the appointment of Ms Bryce as Governor-General of Australia. The practice he founded continues today as Minale Bryce Design Strategy.

Michael and Quentin Bryce were married in 1964.

More details at: https://www.gg.gov.au/biography-honourable-dame-quentin-bryce-ad-cvo

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